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Br J Urol. 1997 May;79(5):717-21.

Intra-operative autotransfusion in radical cystectomy.

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  • 1Department of Urology, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the feasibility of intra-operative autotransfusion (IAT) as a method of decreasing or avoiding homologous blood transfusion during radical cystectomy.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

IAT was performed in 10 patients with bladder cancer who underwent radical cystectomy. The patients were divided into two groups: group 1 consisted of six patients without and group 2 of four patients with pre-deposited blood. Blood shed in the operative field was collected and processed with an IAT device.

RESULTS:

In group 1, the intra-operative blood loss ranged from 1.08 to 2.67 L (mean 1.82) and homologous blood transfusion ranged from 0 to 1 L (mean 0.47). The amount of autologous blood processed and transfused by the IAT device ranged from 0.38 to 0.98 L (mean 0.64). Two patients did not require homologous blood transfusion. In group 2, the volume of pre-deposited blood ranged from 0.8 to 1.2 L (mean 0.9). The intra-operative blood loss ranged from 1.03 to 3.24 L (mean 1.8). The amount of processed autologous blood transfused ranged from 0.4 to 0.6 L (mean 0.45). None of the patients in group 2 required homologous blood transfusion.

CONCLUSION:

Although there are theoretical risks with IAT, they were not substantiated by the clinical data. IAT seems to be a feasible method of reducing or avoiding homologous blood transfusion in radical cystectomy. These results suggest that IAT in combination with pre-deposited blood will abolish the need for homologous blood transfusion during radical cystectomy.

PMID:
9158508
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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