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Surg Endosc. 1997 May;11(5):413-26.

Laparoscopic antireflux surgery for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Results of a Consensus Development Conference. Held at the Fourth International Congress of the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery (E.A.E.S.), Trondheim, Norway, June 21-24, 1996.

[No authors listed]



Laparoscopic antireflux surgery is currently a growing field in endoscopic surgery. The purpose of the Consensus Development Conference was to summarize the state of the art of laparoscopic antireflux operations in June 1996.


Thirteen internationally known experts in gastroesophageal reflux disease were contacted by the conference organization team and asked to participate in a Consensus Development Conference. Selection of the experts was based on clinical expertise, academic activity, community influence, and geographical location. According to the criteria for technology assessment, the experts had to weigh the current evidence on the basis of published results in the literature. A preconsensus document was prepared and distributed by the conference organization team. During the E.A.E.S. conference, a consensus document was prepared in three phases: closed discussion in the expert group, public discussion during the conference, and final closed discussion by the experts.


Consensus statements were achieved on various aspects of gastroesophageal reflux disease and current laparoscopic treatment with respect to indication for operation, technical details of laparoscopic procedures, failure of operative treatment, and complete postoperative follow-up evaluation. The strength of evidence in favor of laparoscopic antireflux procedures was based mainly on type II studies. A majority of the experts (6/10) concluded in an overall assessment that laparoscopic antireflux procedures were better than open procedures.


Further detailed studies in the future with careful outcome assessment are necessary to underline the consensus that laparoscopic antireflux operations can be recommended.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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