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Am J Ophthalmol. 1997 May;123(5):644-56.

A comparison of retinal and choroidal hemodynamics in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma and normal-pressure glaucoma.

Author information

  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlaneds. F.Duijm@amc.uva.nl

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To quantify, compare, and assess differences between retinal and choroidal hemodynamics in normal control subjects and patients with ocular hypertension, primary open-angle glaucoma, and normal-pressure glaucoma.

METHODS:

Video fluorescein angiograms were made in 20 normal subjects, 11 patients with ocular hypertension, 45 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma, and 43 patients with normal-pressure glaucoma. Choroidal dye build-up curves were analyzed using an exponential model. The model time constant tau reflected the local blood refreshment time, the time needed to replace the blood volume in a tissue volume. Retinal arteriovenous passage time was estimated from the time lapse between retinal arterial and venous dye curves.

RESULTS:

The retinal arteriovenous passage time was longer in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma compared with normal subjects and patients with normal-pressure glaucoma; the average arteriovenous passage times (+/-SEM) in normal subjects and in patients with ocular hypertension, primary open-angle glaucoma, and normal-pressure glaucoma were, respectively, 2.44 +/- 0.19, 2.90 +/- 0.37, 3.02 +/- 0.17, and 2.55 +/- 0.15 seconds. Choroidal tau was longest in the normal-pressure glaucoma group but not as long in the primary open-angle glaucoma group; tau values in normal subjects and patients with ocular hypertension, primary open-angle glaucoma, and normal-pressure glaucoma were, respectively, 4.6 +/- 0.29, 5.6 +/- 0.69, 6.2 +/- 0.39, and 7.1 +/- 0.33 seconds.

CONCLUSIONS:

Whereas choroidal circulation is especially slower in patients with normal-pressure glaucoma, retinal circulation is delayed in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma. The choroidal and retinal vascular systems behave differently in primary open-angle and normal-pressure glaucoma, which may be important in the management of glaucoma.

PMID:
9152070
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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