Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Lasers Surg Med. 1997;20(4):443-50.

In vitro effects and localisation of the photosensitizers m-THPC and m-THPC MD on carcinoma cells of the human breast (MCF-7) and Chinese hamster fibroblasts (V-79).

Author information

  • 1Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is the combination of a photosensitizer with laser light to induce preferential destruction of malignant cells. In this study two new photosensitizers--5,10,15,20-meta-tetra(hydroxyphenyl) chlorin (m-THPC) and m-THPC MethoxyPEG2000 derivative (m-THPC MD)--were tested, both for their dark toxicity, i.e., cytotoxicity in the absence of light, and for their light-induced cytotoxicity in mammalian cell cultures.

STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Cell lines used were MCF-7 (human breast carcinoma) and V-79 (Chinese hamster lung fibroblast). After cultivation under standard conditions, cells were administered the photosensitizers and 24 hr later exposed to various energy levels of laser light at a wavelength of 652 nm. Cell survival was monitored using a clonogenic assay and was expressed as the surviving fraction of the untreated control.

RESULTS:

Up to an m-THPC concentration of 1 microgram/ml, no dark toxicity was observed; at higher concentrations a rapid fall in survival occurred. m-THPC MD showed no dark toxicity up to 100 micrograms/ml. In vitro m-THPC was approximately 10 times more cytotoxic than m-THPC MD. The MCF-7 and V-79 cell lines displayed similar responses to PDT.

CONCLUSIONS:

Both m-THPC and m-THPC MD are very efficient photosensitizers in vitro. Up to the therapeutic dose, neither exhibited dark toxicity. There is clinical relevance of the photosensitizers by a large therapeutic index.

PMID:
9142685
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk