Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Jt Comm J Qual Improv. 1997 Apr;23(4):196-202.

A peer review feedback method of promoting compliance with preventive care guidelines in a resident ambulatory care clinic.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, Marshall University School of Medicine, Huntington, WV 25703, USA.



Simple distribution of clinical practice guidelines to physicians does not change practice behavior. A low-cost, continuous peer review feedback method was used to promote resident physicians' compliance with nine preventive care guidelines at the ambulatory care clinic at the Marshall University School of Medicine (Huntington, West Virginia).


Preventive care guidelines were distributed and a peer review feedback program was instituted in the resident physician primary care practice. The frequency of resident physician use of nine preventive care services was assessed and compared during three periods: preguideline (September 1, 1993, to March 1, 1994; 148 patients), guideline (September 1, 1994, to March 1, 1995; 148 patients), and one-year follow-up (September 1, 1995, to March 1, 1996; 150 patients). The patients in the three periods were similar in age, gender, and risk for influenza and pneumococcal infection.


During the guideline period, resident physicians offered patients four preventive care services-tetanus toxoid immunization, clinical breast examination, Papanicolaou smear testing, and hemoccult testing significantly more often than during the preguideline period. All services were offered significantly more often during the one-year follow-up period compared with the preguideline period and as often as in the guideline period.


A low-cost, continuous peer review feedback program significantly and durably improves resident physician compliance with clinical practice guidelines on preventive care services. However, the effectiveness of the poor review feedback method may not generalize to private practice or other settings. Research on other methods to promote compliance with clinical practice guidelines and to influence physician behavior in general should continue.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk