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J Biol Chem. 1997 May 9;272(19):12454-61.

Angiotensin II-induced down-regulation of inositol trisphosphate receptors in WB rat liver epithelial cells. Evidence for involvement of the proteasome pathway.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Thomas Jefferson University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA.


Chronic stimulation of WB rat liver epithelial cells by angiotensin II (Ang II) resulted in the down-regulation of both type I and type III myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP3Rs). Stimulation with vasopressin, bradykinin, epidermal growth factor, or 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate was without effect. Ang II-induced down-regulation of IP3Rs could be detected within 2 h and resulted in an inhibition of IP3-induced Ca2+ release from permeabilized cells. IP3R down-regulation was reversible, and both homo- and heterooligomers of IP3Rs were equally susceptible to Ang II-induced degradation. Chloroquine and NH4Cl increased the basal levels of IP3Rs by 2-fold, suggesting that the basal turnover of IP3Rs occurs via a lysosomal pathway. However, Ang II-induced degradation of IP3R was not affected by these inhibitors, suggesting that stimulated degradation of IP3Rs occurs via a non-lysosomal pathway. The cysteine protease and proteasomal inhibitor N-acetyl-Leu-Leu-norleucinal completely prevented Ang II-mediated down-regulation of IP3Rs, whereas the structural analog N-acetyl-Leu-Leu-methioninal was without effect. Lactacystin, a highly specific proteasome inhibitor, also blocked Ang II-mediated IP3R degradation. Stimulation with Ang II increased the amount of IP3R immunoprecipitated by anti-ubiquitin antibodies. We conclude that Ang II-stimulated IP3R degradation involves enhanced ubiquitination of the protein and degradation by the proteasome pathway.

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