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J Biol Chem. 1997 May 9;272(19):12366-72.

Subunit interactions in the Na,K-ATPase explored with the yeast two-hybrid system.

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  • 1Department of Biology, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA.


Subunit interactions of the alpha1- and beta1-subunits of the chicken Na,K-ATPase were explored with the yeast two-hybrid system. Gal4-fusion proteins containing domains of the alpha1- and beta1-subunits were designed for examining both intersubunit and intrasubunit protein-protein interactions. Regions of the alpha- and beta-subunits known to be involved in alpha-beta-subunit assembly were positive in two-hybrid assay, supporting the validity of the assays. A library of beta-subunit ectodomains with C-terminal truncations was screened to find the maximal truncation retaining an interaction with the alpha-subunit extracellular H7H8 loop (where H7 refers to the seventh membrane span, and so on). The maximal truncation removed all the cysteines involved in disulfide bridges, leaving only 63 amino acids of the beta-subunit ectodomain. Scanning alanine mutagenesis led to identification of an evolutionarily conserved sequence of four amino acids (SYGQ) in the extracellular H7H8 loop of the alpha-subunit that is crucial to alpha-beta-intersubunit interactions. Oligomerization studies with single domains failed to detect self-association of either of the two large cytosolic loops (H2H3 and H4H5) within the alpha-subunit. However, evidence was found for an interaction between these two cytoplasmic loops.

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