Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Circulation. 1997 Apr 15;95(8):2068-74.

Biochemical evidence for impaired nitric oxide synthesis in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Medical School, Hannover, Germany.



We studied urinary nitrate and cGMP excretion rates, indices of systemic NO formation, and plasma concentrations of L-arginine and the endogenous NO synthase inhibitor asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA) and its inactive stereoisomer, symmetrical dimethylarginine, in 77 patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) in Fontaine stages IIb through IV and in 47 young and 37 elderly healthy control subjects.


Urinary nitrate excretion was 182.0+/-11.4 micromol/mmol creatinine and cGMP excretion was 186.2+/-13.0 nmol/mmol creatinine in young healthy control subjects. In elderly control subjects, both excretion rates were slightly lower (nitrate, 156.0+/-7.8 micromol/mmol creatinine; cGMP, 150.0+/-8.3 nmol/mmol creatinine; P=NS). In PAOD patients, there was a significant, progressive reduction of urinary nitrate (IIb, 138.4+/-11.9; III, 128.6+/-11.3; and IV, 91.9+/-8.0 micromol/mmol creatinine; P<.05) and cGMP (IIb, 139.9+/-25.2; III, 115.6+/-13.1; and IV, 76.9+/-7.9 nmol/mmol creatinine; P<.05) excretion rates related to the Fontaine stage of PAOD. These changes were independent of changes in renal excretory function. Plasma L-arginine concentrations were not significantly different between the groups, but ADMA concentrations were elevated in PAOD patients (young control subjects, 1.25+/-0.11; elderly control subjects, 1.01+/-0.05 micromol/L; IIb, 2.62+/-0.24; III, 3.06+/-0.48; and IV, 3.49+/-0.26 micromol/L; P<.05 for PAOD versus control subjects). There was a significant linear correlation between urinary nitrate and cGMP excretion rates and a significant negative linear correlation between plasma ADMA concentrations and urinary nitrate excretion.


In PAOD patients, there is a progressive reduction in urinary nitrate and cGMP excretion rates, which may be caused in part by accumulation of ADMA, an endogenous inhibitor of NO synthase.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk