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J Abnorm Psychol. 1997 May;106(2):307-14.

Borderline personality disorder features in nonclinical young adults: 2. Two-year outcome.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Missouri, Columbia 65211, USA.


Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is thought to develop by early adulthood, and it is characterized by lack of control of anger, intense and frequent mood changes, impulsive acts, disturbed interpersonal relationships, and life-threatening behaviors. We describe data from a 2-year follow-up study of nonclinical young adults who, at study entry, exhibited a significant number of BPD features. Individuals with borderline features were more likely to have academic difficulties over the succeeding 2 years, and these participants were more likely to meet lifetime criteria for a mood disorder and to experience interpersonal dysfunction than their peers at the 2-year follow-up assessment. These findings indicate that BPD features are associated with poorer outcome even within a nonclinical population.

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