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J Mass Spectrom. 1997 Apr;32(4):395-400.

Application of stable isotope tracer combined with mass spectrometric detection for studying myo-inositol uptake by cultured neurons from fetal mouse: effect of trisomy 16.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Neurosciences, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.

Abstract

A gas chromatographic (GC)/mass spectrometric method for studying myo-inositol uptake by neurons in vitro is described. Cultured cortical neurons from fetuses of diploid and trisomy 16 mouse (animal model for Down syndrome) were incubated with a physiological concentration of hexadeuterated myo-inositol for 2-40 min. Washed cells were lysed and scyllo-inositol (internal standard) was added to the intracellular material which contained labeled myo-inositol taken up by the cells as well as the endogenous, unlabeled myo-inositol. The samples were evaporated to dryness and the analytes were converted into acetate derivatives. The components were separated by capillary GC, and the m/z 379 ion for labeled myo-inositol and the m/z 373 ion for myo-inositol and scyllo-inositol generated by chemical ionization in an ion trap mass spectrometer were monitored. Quantitation of the deuterium-labeled myo-inositol taken up by the neuron along with endogenous myo-inositol was achieved for 2-40 min of incubation. The labeled myo-inositol uptake was linear for up to 20 min and was Na+ dependent in these neurons. This non-radioisotope method was used to demonstrate a significant (40%) increase in the rate of myo-inositol uptake by cortical neurons from the trisomy 16 mouse relative to control neurons. An increased myo-inositol uptake is consistent with evidence that the myo-inositol transporter gene is on both human chromosome 21 and mouse chromosome 16, and that myo-inositol concentrations are elevated in cerebrospinal fluid from adult Down syndrome individuals and brains from the fetal trisomy 16 mouse.

PMID:
9130398
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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