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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1997 Mar 27;232(3):669-71.

Release of cytochrome c from liver mitochondria during permeability transition.

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  • 1Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA.

Abstract

The mitochondrial permeability transition (PT) follows opening of megachannels in the inner membrane and may be part of a programmed death pathway. Recently a role for cytochrome c in programmed cell death has been proposed, although its relationship to PT has not been been determined. We studied the release of cytochrome c from liver mitochondria undergoing PT. Well-coupled mitochondria treated with 5 mM atractyloside (ATR) or 100 microM calcium chloride were found to undergo PT and release cytochrome c into the incubation buffer within 5 minutes. Control mitochondria and mitochondria treated with the uncoupler FCCP did not undergo PT or release cytochrome c at 5 or 15 minutes. PT induced by ATR could be prevented by pretreatment with 10 microM cyclosporin A. Mitochondria incubated with ATR or calcium caused a 20-30% decrease in electron transfer rate via cytochrome c and cytochrome c oxidase. We conclude that cytochrome c release is an early event during mitochondrial PT, and is sufficient to decrease electron transfer through the terminal electron transport components of the mitochondrion.

PMID:
9126333
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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