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Am J Physiol. 1997 Feb;272(2 Pt 1):C501-10.

Linear dependence of muscle phosphocreatine kinetics on oxidative capacity.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA.

Abstract

The influence of muscle oxidative capacity on phosphocreatine (PCr) changes during and after stimulation was examined in the superficial (fast-twitch) section of rat gastrocnemius muscles. Muscle mitochondrial enzymes were increased in one group of rats by 8-10 wk of training on a running wheel (to a final regimen of 50 min/day at 38 m/min, 5 days/wk) and decreased in another group by chemical thyroidectomy [0.025% methimazole (MMI) in drinking water for 8 wk]. After these treatments, muscle citrate synthase activity was 179 and 29%, respectively, of that in corresponding control groups. Muscle PCr and pH were measured by 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy before, during, and after 8 min of isometric twitch stimulation at 0.33 Hz (MMI) or 0.75 Hz (trained) and 2 Hz. There was a significant linear correlation (r = 0.84, P < 0.01) between the rate constant for PCr recovery after submaximal stimulation (0.33 or 0.75 Hz) and citrate synthase activity. Within the control groups, there was a significant correlation (r = 0.72, P < 0.01) between the rate constant for PCr recovery and intracellular pH at the end of stimulation. The results are quantitatively consistent with linear/quasilinear models of respiratory control by the cytoplasmic free energy of ATP hydrolysis but not with respiratory control by cytoplasmic ADP.

PMID:
9124293
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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