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Ultrasound Med Biol. 1996;22(9):1229-36.

Reduction of stress nonuniformities by apodization of compressor displacement in elastography.

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  • 1Department of Radiology, University of Texas Medical School, Houston, USA.

Abstract

Elastography is a method for imaging the elastic properties of compliant tissues that produces gray-scale strain or elasticity images called elastograms. The method is based on external tissue compression, with ultrasonic detection of local target displacements and subsequent computation of strain profiles along the compression axis. The internal strain variations are a result of the tissue elasticity variations and the applied deformation or compression. A number of mechanical artifacts that appear in elastograms have been identified. One such artifact appears as the result of a nonuniform stress distribution under the compressors used, including darkening (low stress) of the central region and brightening (high stress) of the peripheral regions under the compressor. On an elastogram, these areas may be misinterpreted as being respectively harder and softer than the rest of the target. In this article, a displacement apodization method for the minimization of this artifact is discussed, and its effects are studied using finite element simulations. When the isometric compression of standard elastography was replaced by an apodized displacement profile calculated from reciprocity conditions, a significant improvement in stress uniformity under the compressor was achieved.

PMID:
9123647
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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