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Br J Rheumatol. 1997 Jan;36(1):16-9.

Biochemical evidence for altered subchondral bone collagen metabolism in osteoarthritis of the hip.

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  • 1Division of Molecular & Cellular Biology, University of Bristol.

Abstract

Osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip is invariably viewed as a disease primarily affecting the articular cartilage. Data presented in this report, however, demonstrate changes in the metabolic activity of the underlying trabecular bone tissue, the processes of which may represent a significant factor in the pathogenesis of hip OA. Trabecular bone tissue from OA subjects expressed significantly more matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 (gelatinase A, 72 kDa type IV collagenase) when compared to age-matched osteoporotic (OP) and normal bone tissue. Alkaline phosphatase was also significantly elevated in OA bone tissue. The combination of increased MMP-2 and alkaline phosphatase indicates heightened collagen turnover in the subchondral bone compartment of osteoarthritic hips. The data obtained from this study warrant a closer investigation into the significance of these changes in OA and emphasize the multifactorial elements of the whole joint in the whole joint in the overall disease process.

PMID:
9117167
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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