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J Biol Chem. 1997 Apr 25;272(17):11408-13.

Cloning, expression, and characterization of a novel phospholipase D complementary DNA from rat brain.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Gunma University School of Medicine, Maebashi 371, Japan.


Phospholipase D (PLD) is implicated in important cellular processes such as signal transduction, membrane trafficking, and mitosis regulation. Recently, cDNA for human PLD1 (hPLD1) was cloned from HeLa cells (Hammond, S. M., Altshuller, Y. M., Sung, T-C., Rudge, S. A., Rose, K., Engebrecht, J., Morris, A. J., and Frohman, M. A. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 29640-29643). hPLD1 is stimulated by phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate and the small GTP-binding protein known as ADP-ribosylation factor 1. Here we report the cloning and characterization of cDNA for a different type of PLD (rat PLD2 (rPLD2)) from rat brain. We synthesized highly degenerate amplimers corresponding to the conserved regions of eukaryote PLDs and performed polymerase chain reaction on a rat brain cDNA library. Using the amplified sequence as the probe, we cloned a rat brain cDNA clone that contained an open reading frame of 933 amino acids with an Mr of 105,992. The deduced amino acid sequence showed significant similarity to hPLD1 with a large deletion in the middle of the sequence. When the sequence was expressed in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, PLD activity was greatly increased. The activity was markedly stimulated by phosphatidylinositol 4, 5-bisphosphate, but not by ADP-ribosylation factor 1 and RhoA. Rat brain cytosol known to stimulate small GTP-binding protein-dependent PLD did not stimulate rPLD2 expressed in S. pombe. The transcript was detected at significant levels in brain, lung, heart, kidney, stomach, small intestine, colon, and testis, but at low levels in thymus, liver, and muscle. Only a negligible level was found in spleen and pancreas. Thus rPLD2 is a novel type of PLD dependent on phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate, but not on the small GTP-binding proteins ADP-ribosylation factor 1 and RhoA.

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