Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1997 Apr 15;94(8):3753-8.

Caveolin mRNA levels are up-regulated by free cholesterol and down-regulated by oxysterols in fibroblast monolayers.

Author information

  • 1Cardiovascular Research Institute, Department of Physiology, University of California Medical Center, San Francisco 94143, USA.


In confluent fibroblast monolayers, an increase in the selective uptake of free cholesterol (FC) from plasma low density lipoprotein (LDL) was accompanied by an increase in FC efflux. The rate of FC efflux was proportional to the FC content of the cell surface caveolae and to mRNA levels of caveolin, an FC-binding protein of caveolae. Inhibitors of LDL-FC internalization reduced the increase in caveolin mRNA levels and FC efflux. Oxysterols reduced caveolin mRNA levels, as well as transport of FC to the cell surface and FC efflux. DNA antisense to caveolin reduced caveolin mRNA and inhibited FC efflux. These data suggest that regulation of FC efflux can contribute to cellular FC homeostasis when LDL levels are modified over the physiological range, and they link this regulation to caveolin.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk