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Cancer Res. 1997 Apr 1;57(7):1329-34.

A recombinant human angiostatin protein inhibits experimental primary and metastatic cancer.

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  • 1EntreMed, Inc., Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA.


Endogenous murine angiostatin, identified as an internal fragment of plasminogen, blocks neovascularization and growth of experimental primary and metastatic tumors in vivo. A recombinant protein comprising kringles 1-4 of human plasminogen (amino acids 93-470) expressed in Pichia pastoris had physical properties (molecular size, binding to lysine, reactivity with antibody to kringles 1-3) that mimicked native angiostatin. This recombinant Angiostatin protein inhibited the proliferation of bovine capillary endothelial cells in vitro. Systemic administration of recombinant Angiostatin protein at doses of 1.5 mg/kg suppressed the growth of Lewis lung carcinoma-low metastatic phenotype metastases in C57BL/6 mice by greater than 90%; administration of the recombinant protein at doses of 100 mg/kg also suppressed the growth of primary Lewis lung carcinoma-low metastatic phenotype tumors. These findings demonstrate unambiguously that the antiangiogenic and antitumor activity of endogenous angiostatin resides within kringles 1-4 of plasminogen.

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