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J Nurs Care Qual. 1997 Apr;11(4):60-72.

Nurse-sensitive health care outcomes in acute care settings: an integrative analysis of the literature.

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  • 1School of Nursing, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA.

Abstract

With the advent of profit maximization in health care came an increased focus on defining quality through outcomes achieved. The article describes an analysis of the nursing literature from 1974 to 1996 using Donabedian's structure-process-outcome framework and the specific indicators identified by the American Nurses Association report card, the Institute of Medicine, and the nursing-sensitive outcomes classification. Although evidence exists documenting nursing's positive impact on patient outcomes, this analysis suggests a real need to integrate our clinical and administrative studies and to employ a more comprehensive, longitudinal, multifacility approach if we are to answer the scientific question regarding which nursing structures and processes truly produce the best health outcomes.

PMID:
9097521
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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