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Br J Psychiatry. 1997 Feb;170:113-9.

A randomised controlled trial and cost analysis of problem-solving treatment for emotional disorders given by community nurses in primary care.

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  • 1Oxford University Press, University Department of Psychiatry.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We set out to investigate whether community nurses could be trained in problem-solving therapy and, once trained, how effective they would be in treating emotional disorders in primary care.

METHOD:

Seventy patients with an emotional disorder in primary care were randomly allocated to receive either problem-solving therapy from a trained community nurse or treatment as usual from their general practitioner. Interview and self-rated assessments of clinical and economic outcome were made pretreatment, at eight weeks and at 26 weeks after treatment.

RESULTS:

There was no difference in clinical outcome between patients who received problem-solving treatment and patients who received the general practitioner's usual treatment. However, patients who received problem-solving treatment had fewer disability days and fewer days off work. The health care cost of problem-solving was greater than that of the general practitioner's usual treatment but this was more than offset by savings in the cost of days off work.

CONCLUSIONS:

Problem-solving treatment can be given by trained community nurses. The clinical effectiveness and cost-benefit of the treatment will depend on the selection of appropriate patients.

PMID:
9093498
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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