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Int Immunol. 1997 Mar;9(3):451-9.

Stimulation of human cytotoxic T cells with HIV-1-derived peptides presented by recombinant HLA-A2 peptide complexes.

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  • 1Center for Cancer Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139, USA.


HLA-A2 heavy chain and beta 2-microglobulin were expressed in Escherichia coli, and refolded in the presence of peptides derived from HIV-1 RT and gag proteins. When recombinant HLA-A2 molecules were attached to cells lacking HLA-A2, the cells became susceptible to lysis by HLA-A2-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) clones specific for peptides derived from RT and gag proteins. Limiting dilution analyses of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from HIV-1-infected individuals showed that the recombinant HLA-A2 peptide complexes covalently immobilized on microspheres stimulated the development of HLA-A2 peptide-specific CTL. Preformed HLA-peptide complexes may provide an alternative to immunization procedures that depend upon intracellular processing of antigen to elicit T cell responses.

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