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Minerva Chir. 1996 Sep;51(9):745-9.

[Acute suppurative thyroiditis. Report of a case and review of the literature].

[Article in Italian]

Author information

  • 1Dipartimento di Fisiopatologia Clinica, Universit√† degli Studi, Torino.

Abstract

The authors present a case of acute suppurative thyroiditis complicated by acute dyspnoea with asphyxia in a patient of geriatric age. In this patient there were present possible infectious focuses like multiple dental abscesses and contamination of the urinary tract. Histological examination highlighted a focus of papillifer carcinoma in the context of the gland. We have a review of the literature on this observation and description. Acute suppurative thyroiditis is currently a pathology of rare observation. This rarity is due, apart from the availability of antibiotic therapy, to an intrinsic resistance of the thyroid gland to contamination. In most cases we are talking of bacterial infections, but in immunodepressed subjects fungal etiology is noteworthy. The infection could arise from primitive focuses present in any bodily district with propagation to the thyroid across different ways. Expressive is the anamnestic observation of preexisting thyroid dysfunction. After an attentive evaluation of the clinical findings, usually characteristic, it is important to complete the diagnostic course with some instrumental investigations. In particular cervical sonography, possibly associated with agobiopsy is fundamental. Initially therapy is medical (basically antibiotic). The surgical resolution foresees the drainage of the purulent abscess or the thyroidectomy if it is associated with a struma.

PMID:
9082243
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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