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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1997 Feb;176(2):275-81.

Obstetric antecedents of intraventricular hemorrhage and periventricular leukomalacia in the low-birth-weight neonate.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York Medical College, Westchester County Medical Center, Valhalla 10595, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Neonatal intraventricular hemorrhage and periventricular leukomalacia have a strong correlation with eventual neurologic deficit. Our objective was to correlate obstetric factors with the development of these lesions.

STUDY DESIGN:

Seven hundred forty-five consecutive inborn neonates with birth weights from 500 to 1750 gm were divided into three clinical groups: premature rupture of membranes, refractory preterm labor with intact membranes, and delivery initiated by the physician for maternal or fetal indications. Neonatal neurosonography was performed on days 3 and 7 of life and results were described as normal or abnormal. Abnormal scans included intraventricular hemorrhage seen within 3 days and echodense or echolucent periventricular leukomalacia seen within 7 days of life. Major abnormalities included intraventricular hemorrhage grades 3 and 4, intraventricular hemorrhage with periventricular leukomalacia, and echolucent periventricular leukomalacia. Abnormal scans were correlated with groups of origin and clinical and histologic chorioamnionitis.

RESULTS:

Abnormal scans occurred in 33% of cases of premature rupture of membranes and in 38.9% of cases of preterm labor compared with 17.7% of physician-initiated cases (p < 0.000001). Major lesions occurred in 17.6% of cases of premature rupture of membranes, 21.4% of cases of preterm labor, and 1.1% of physician-initiated cases (p < 0.0000001). Clinical chorioamnionitis occurred in 19.7% of cases of premature rupture of membranes, 11.9% of cases of preterm labor, and 1.1% of physician-initiated cases (p < 0.001) and was associated with a significant increase in the incidence (p < or = 0.005) and severity (p < or = 0.007) of these lesions. Histologic chorioamnionitis occurred in 59.9% of cases of premature rupture of membranes, 43.2% of cases of preterm labor, and 8% of physician-initiated cases and did not correlate significantly with the incidence or severity of abnormal scans. These findings were independent of gestational age.

CONCLUSIONS:

The incidence and severity of intraventricular hemorrhage and periventricular leukomalacia were significantly increased in premature rupture of membranes and preterm labor compared with the physician-initiated cases. Clinical chorioamnionitis increased the incidence and severity of these lesions.

PMID:
9065168
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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