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J Am Coll Cardiol. 1997 Mar 1;29(3):549-55.

Sudden death due to troponin T mutations.

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  • 1University of Stellenbosch, Tygerberg, Republic of South Africa.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study was designed to verify initial observations of the clinical and prognostic features of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy caused by cardiac tropnin T gene mutations.

BACKGROUND:

The most common cause of sudden cardiac death in the young is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, which is usually familial. Mutations causing familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy have been identified in a number of contractile protein genes, raising the possibility of genetic screening for subjects at risk. A previous report suggested that mutations in the cardiac troponin T gene were notable because they were associated with a particularly poor prognosis but only mild hypertrophy. Given the variability of some genotype:phenotype correlations, further analysis of cardiac troponin T mutations has been a priority.

METHODS:

Deoxyribonucleic acid from subjects with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy was screened for cardiac troponin T mutations using a ribonuclease protection assay. Polymerase chain reaction-based detection of a novel mutation was used to genotype members of two affected pedigrees. Gene carriers were examined by echocardiography and electrocardiology, and a family history was obtained.

RESULTS:

A novel cardiac troponin T gene mutation, arginine 92 tryptophan, was identified in 19 of 48 members of two affected pedigrees. The clinical phenotype was characterized by minimal hypertrophy (mean [+/-SD] maximal ventricular wall thickness 11.3 +/- 5.4 mm) and low disease penetrance by clinical criteria (40% by echocardiography) but a high incidence of sudden cardiac death (mean age 17 +/- 9 years).

CONCLUSIONS:

These data support the observation that apparently diverse cardiac troponin T gene mutations produce a consistent disease phenotype. Because this is one of poor prognosis, despite deceptively mild or undetectable hypertrophy, genotyping at this locus may be particularly informative in patient management and counselling.

PMID:
9060892
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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