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Tissue Cell. 1977;9(2):185-96.

Fine structure of the golgi complex during mitosis of cartilaginous cells in vitro.


Chondrocytes were isolated enzymatically from guinea-pig epiphyses and grown in vitro. The fate of the Golgi complex during mitosis in relation to changes in the cytoplasmic microtubules was then studied by transmission electron microscopy. Interphase cells were observed to be polarized, with the Golgi complex occupying a well-defined juxtanuclear area of the cell's cytoplasmic pole. During prophase the cytoplasmic microtublues were largely lost, the nucleus moved to the center of the cell and the Golgi complex dissolved into single dictyosomes spread diffusely throughout the cytoplasm. The distribution of other organelles also changed to a more random pattern. In telophase, i.e. after the completion of nuclear division, the mitotic spindle decomposed and cytoplasmic microtubules reappeared. Furthermore, the organization of the Golgi complex and other organelles returned to that characteristic of interphase cells. Previous studies on cells treated with colchicine have indicated that the polarized distribution of cell organelles is dependent on the presence of intact cytoplasmic microtubules. It is suggested that the disappearance of such tubules observed here to be coupled with the disorganization of cell interphase structure fulfills the double function of providing free tubulin units from which to build the mitotic spindle and ensuring an approximately equal distribution of dictyosomes and other organelles to the daughter cells during cytokinesis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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