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Dev Psychol. 1997 Jan;33(1):135-45.

Peer experiences and social self-perceptions: a sequential model.

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  • 1Ecole de Psychologie, UniversitĂ© Laval, Ste-Foy, QuĂ©bec, Canada.


This study evaluated a social process model describing how aggression and withdrawal lead to negative social self-perceptions. The model posited both direct (i.e., cognitions associated with withdrawal) and indirect (i.e., mediations of negative peer status and peer experiences) influences. Eight- to 10-year-old children (n = 793) completed peer assessment measures of aggression, withdrawal, peer status, victimization and affiliations, and self-reports of loneliness, perceived acceptance, and perceived behavior-conduct. As expected, the model was supported for social self-perceptions but not for perceived behavior-conduct. Withdrawn behavior uniquely predicted social self-perceptions. Both negative peer status and peer victimization successively mediated the impact of social behavior on loneliness and perceived acceptance. Classroom affiliations did not mediate social self-perceptions.

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