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J Biol Chem. 1997 Mar 7;272(10):6519-24.

Transducin-alpha C-terminal peptide binding site consists of C-D and E-F loops of rhodopsin.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Cardiology, Research Institute, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195-5069, USA.


The binding of heterotrimeric GTP-binding proteins (G-proteins) to serpentine receptors involves several independent contacts. We have deduced the points of interaction between mutant bovine rhodopsins and alphat-(340-350), a peptide corresponding to the C terminus of the alpha subunit (alphat) of bovine retinal G-protein, transducin. Direct binding of alphat-(340-350) to rhodopsin stabilizes the activated metarhodopsin II state (M II), consequently uncoupling the rhodopsin-transducin interaction. This peptide action requires two segments on the cytoplasmic domain of rhodopsin: the Tyr136-Val137-Val138-Val139 sequence on the C-D loop and the Glu247-Lys248-Glu249-Val250-Thr251 sequence on the E-F loop. We propose that a tertiary interaction of these two loop regions forms a pocket for binding the alphat C terminus of the transducin during light transduction in vivo. In most G-proteins, the C termini of alpha subunits are important for interaction with receptors, and, in several serpentine receptors, regions similar to those in rhodopsin are essential for G-protein activation, indicating that the interaction described here may be a generally applicable mode of G-protein binding in signal transduction.

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