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Cell. 1997 Feb 7;88(3):417-26.

Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor: a macrophage product induced by and antagonistic to bacterial lipopolysaccharide.

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  • 1Beatrice and Samuel A. Seaver Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Cornell University Medical College, New York 10021, USA.


To explore regulation of potentially lethal responses to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), we used differential display under LPS-free conditions to compare macrophage cell lines from two strains of mice congenic for a locus affecting LPS sensitivity. LPS-hyporesponsive cells, primary macrophages, and polymorphonuclear leukocytes transcribed secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI), a known epithelial cell-derived inhibitor of leukocyte serine proteases. Transfection of macrophages with SLPI suppressed LPS-induced activation of NF-kappa B and production of nitric oxide and TNF alpha. The ability of interferon-gamma (IFN gamma) to restore LPS responsiveness is a hallmark of the LPS-hyporesponsive phenotype. IFN gamma suppressed expression of SLPI and restored LPS responsiveness to SLPI-producing cells. Thus, SLPI is an LPS-induced IFN gamma-suppressible phagocyte product that serves to inhibit LPS responses.

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