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J Immunol. 1997 Mar 1;158(5):2268-77.

Predominant appearance of NK1.1+ T cells producing IL-4 may be involved in the increased susceptibility of mice with the beige mutation during Salmonella infection.

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  • 1Research Institute for Disease Mechanism and Control, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

C57BL/6 mice with the beige mutation (beige mice) showed a high susceptibility to infection with Salmonella choleraesuis compared with C57BL/6 (B6) control mice, as assessed by bacterial number in the peritoneal cavity and the liver. The appearance of NK1.1+ CD3- NK cells was significantly suppressed, while NK1.1+ T cells were increased in the peritoneal cavity of beige mice after Salmonella infection. The expression level of IL-4 mRNA was much higher in freshly isolated NK1.1+ T cells of the infected beige mice, but the expression level of IFN-gamma mRNA was lower than that in the infected control mice. The NK1.1+ T cells produced more IL-4 in response to TCR alphabeta cross-linking, whereas IFN-gamma production upon TCR triggering was significantly impaired in the beige mice compared to that in the control mice. Furthermore, the generation of Salmonella-specific Th1 cells producing IFN-gamma was significantly inhibited in the peritoneal cavity of beige mice after Salmonella infection. However, administration of anti-IL-4 neutralizing mAb to beige mice during salmonellosis restored the generation of Salmonella-specific Th1 cells and decreased the susceptibility to Salmonella. These results suggested that the predominant activation of NK1.1+ T cells producing IL-4 over those producing IFN-gamma may be at least partly involved in the poor generation of Salmonella-specific protective Th1 cells, resulting in the increased susceptibility of beige mice to Salmonella infection.

PMID:
9036974
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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