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Pflugers Arch. 1995 Dec;431(2):178-85.

Tyrosine protein kinase inhibitors prevent activation of cardiac swelling-induced chloride current.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.


The effect of tyrosine protein kinase inhibitors on the swelling-induced chloride current (ICl-swelling) of dog atrial myocytes was studied using the whole-cell patch-clamp recording technique. Currents were measured during hyperpolarizing voltage ramps with potassium currents blocked by cesium. Osmolarity was varied using mannitol. Exposure to hypotonic solution (approximately 249 mosmol/kg) activated ICl-swelling. Hypertonic solution (approximately 363 mosmol/kg) was used to shrink swollen cells and turn off ICl-swelling. In studies on the acute effect of tyrosine protein kinase inhibitors each cell was swollen three separate times. Control, treatment, and washout ICl-swelling were compared. Genistein (50-80 microM) prevented reactivation of ICl-swelling without affecting cell size. The effect of genistein partially subsided upon washout. The effect of genistein on ICl-swelling was not mimicked by 80 microM daidzein, a related compound that does not inhibit tyrosine protein kinases. When intracellular adenosine 5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate (ATP[gamma S]) was used, genistein did not prevent the reactivation of ICl-swelling. Intracellular ATP[gamma S] did not result in a persistent activation of ICl-swelling when cell size was returned to control. Acute exposure to 1 microM herbimycin A or 100 microM tyrphostin 51 did not prohibit the activation of ICl-swelling. A 24-h exposure to 1 microM herbimycin A did inhibit ICl-swelling. The results provide important clues regarding the activation mechanism for ICl-swelling and suggest that a tyrosine protein phosphorylation may be necessary, but not sufficient, for activation of ICl-swelling.

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