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Psychiatr Serv. 1997 Feb;48(2):239-41.

Housing outcomes for homeless adults with mental illness: results from the second-round McKinney program.

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  • 1Department of mental health law and policy, University of South Florida, Tampa 33612, USA.


In the early 1990s the National Institute of Mental Health sponsored projects in four cities that served a total of 896 homeless mentally ill adults. Each project tested the effectiveness of different housing, support, and rehabilitative services in reducing homelessness. Most homeless individuals resided in community housing after the intervention. The proportion in community housing varied between sites. A 47.5 percent increase in community housing was found for those in active treatment conditions. At final follow-up, 78 percent of participants in community housing were stably housed. The findings indicate that effective strategies are available for serving homeless individuals with severe mental illness.

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