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Nucleic Acids Res. 1997 Feb 15;25(4):727-34.

Domain structure of vaccinia DNA ligase.

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  • 1Molecular Biology Program, Sloan-Kettering Institute, New York 10021, USA.


The 552 amino acid vaccinia virus DNA ligase consists of three structural domains defined by partial proteolysis: (i) an amino-terminal 175 amino acid segment that is susceptible to digestion with chymotrypsin and trypsin; (ii) a protease-resistant central domain that contains the active site of nucleotidyl transfer (Lys-231); (iii) a protease-resistant carboxyl domain. The two protease-resistant domains are separated by a protease-sensitive interdomain bridge from positions 296 to 307. Adenylyltransferase and DNA ligation activities are preserved when the N-terminal 200 amino acids are deleted. However, the truncated form of vaccinia ligase has a reduced catalytic rate in strand joining and a lower affinity for DNA than does the full-sized enzyme. The 350 amino acid catalytic core of the vaccinia ligase is similar in size and protease-sensitivity to the full-length bacteriophage T7 DNA ligase.

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