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Arch Virol Suppl. 1996;12:187-98.

WC3 reassortant vaccines in children.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA.


Bovine rotavirus strain WC3 (P7[5], G6) administered at the 12th passage level was well tolerated clinically in infants and efficiently induced serum virus neutralizing antibody (VNA) with bovine rotavirus G6 specificity. The protective efficacy of WC3 vaccine against all rotavirus disease was inconsistent, varying in four separate trials from 76% to 0%; some selective protection against severe disease was seen in all trials. WC3 reassortants containing the gene for an individual human rotavirus VP7 (G) or VP4 (P) surface antigen were also well tolerated, but preferentially induced VNA to the WC3 parent. Efficacy trials of human G1 VP7 reassortant WI79-9 (P7[5], G1) consistently led to > 60% protection against all rotavirus disease. A quadrivalent WC3 reassortant vaccine was developed to contain four separate monovalent reassortants expressing human rotaviruses surface proteins G1, G2, G3, and P1A [8] respectively. In a multicenter trial including 439 infants, this vaccine induced 67.1% protection against all rotavirus disease (defined as positive for rotavirus antigen by ELISA only [p = < 0.001]) and 72.6% protection when the standard for rotavirus diagnosis was a positive test of stool for both rotavirus antigen by ELISA and rotavirus RNA by electropherotype analysis (p = < 0.001). In this trial, episodes of the most severe rotavirus disease (clinical severity score > 16.0 eight cases) occurred only in placebo recipients.

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