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Nihon Rinsho. 1997 Jan;55(1):158-62.

[Clinicophysiological study of tremor in Parkinson's disease: quantitative tremor-based assessment of motor count using actigraphy].

[Article in Japanese]

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurology, Jikei University School of Medicine.

Abstract

In Parkinson's disease, resting tremor is often the initial symptom. This report focuses on the mechanism underlying tremor in Parkinson's disease and quantitative assessment of tremor. Central factors including Vim (nucleus ventralis intermedius) in the thalamus, and peripheral factors, such as acceleration of input pathways from muscle spindles via muscle tonus, are important aspects of the tremor mechanism in Parkinson's disease. It has also been suggested that tremor in Parkinson's disease is associated with parasympathetic and sympathetic dysfunctions. Objective assessments of tremor, such as the application of surface electromyography, are useful in the diagnosis and treatment of Parkinson's disease. Actigraph, as introduced herein, is a three dimensional motor sensing apparatus. Therefore, motor counts over 0.01 G can be detected by actigraphy. To date, this device has been used for evaluating akinesia in Parkinson's disease and insomnia. In this study, actigraphy was used in Parkinson patients with tremor, and it reflected motor activity in the wrist and was associated with the severity of hand tremor. Activities of daily living (ADL) are disturbed by hyperkinesia of the hand for Parkinson patients with hand tremor. We demonstrated that actigraphy is a simple and quantitative method of assessing motor activity in Parkinson patients with tremor.

PMID:
9014442
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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