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Cancer Res. 1997 Feb 1;57(3):500-3.

Differential loss of heterozygosity in the region of the Cowden locus within 10q22-23 in follicular thyroid adenomas and carcinomas.

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  • 1Translational Research Laboratory, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Control, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02115-6084, USA.

Abstract

The susceptibility gene for Cowden disease (CD), an autosomal dominant inherited cancer syndrome, has recently been mapped to an approximately 6-cM interval on chromosome subband 10q22-23 between the markers D10S541 and D10S564. CD is characterized by hamartomas of many organ systems, including the thyroid, breast, skin, and gastrointestinal tract, as well as carcinoma of the thyroid and breast. Follicular thyroid adenomas and carcinomas are significant component tumors in CD; thus, we sought to examine their sporadic counterpart tumors for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of microsatellite markers in the 20-cM region within and flanking the Cowden critical interval. In all, 38 sporadic thyroid tumors were analyzed. LOH within the CD interval was observed in 5 of 19 (26%) follicular thyroid adenomas and 1 of 9 (11%) Hürthle cell adenomas. Furthermore, of these adenomas with LOH, 3 of 4 (75%) were atypical follicular adenomas, whereas 2 of 15 (13%) were typical follicular adenomas. Surprisingly, no LOH was detected in this region in 10 follicular carcinomas. The shortest region of overlap includes the markers D10S1735 and D10S1739. If the LOH observed in these sporadic tumors is related to the CD gene, then the Cowden critical interval can be revised to lie within the interval defined by D10S579 and D10S564. LOH in this narrow interval implicates the CD gene, or another gene in that interval, in follicular thyroid tumorigenesis. However, this does not explain the lack of LOH in follicular carcinomas. Taken together, it may instead be evidence against a stepwise progression from atypical adenomas to carcinomas. Alternatively, sporadic thyroid adenoma formation may be independent of that locus, but loss of this region could prevent carcinoma formation, thus implying that the CD gene may be an oncogene or growth promoter.

PMID:
9012481
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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