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Eur Cytokine Netw. 1996 Dec;7(4):741-50.

Interferon-gamma enhances tumor necrosis factor-alpha production by inhibiting early phase interleukin-10 transcription.

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  • 1Institut fur Toxikologie, Eidgenossichen Technischen Hochschule, Schwerzenbach, Switzerland.


The ability of cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor or interleukin-10 (IL-10) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) to modulate the production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was examined in mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM). IFN-gamma profoundly enhances LPS-stimulated TNF-alpha production, whereas IL-10 is markedly inhibitory, demonstrating the opposing effects of IFN-gamma and IL-10 on BMDM. Early neutralization of endogenously produced, LPS-stimulated IL-10 markedly enhanced short term TNF-alpha production, an effect further amplified by the absence of IFN-gamma priming. The regulatory effects of IFN-gamma and IL-10 apparently occurred at the translational (or post-translational) level, with TNF-alpha mRNA steady-state levels remaining unchanged. Furthermore, IFN-gamma exerts its enhancing effect on TNF synthesis by the transcriptional inhibition of IL-10. This in vitro finding was also confirmed in vivo. In the absence of LPS, IFN-gamma was not capable of inducing TNF-alpha production in BMDM, indicating that LPS or other signals are necessary for transcriptional activation. Reduced but significant TNF-alpha production in LPS-injected IFN-gamma receptor -/- mice suggests that IFN-gamma is not an absolute requirement and that other cytokines or cell types contribute in a secondary fashion to the priming of LPS-induced TNF-alpha production in vivo.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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