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J Immunol Methods. 1997 Jan 15;200(1-2):135-43.

Modulation of P-selectin expression on isolated human platelets by an NO donor assessed by a novel ELISA application.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Link√∂ping, Sweden. per.whiss@hul.liu.se

Erratum in

  • J Immunol Methods 1997 Aug 7;206(1-2):183.


Adhesion molecules such as P-selectin are potential markers for evaluating platelet activation and studying the role of cell-cell interactions in numerous biological processes related to hemostasis and inflammation. The expression of P-selectin and related molecules has previously been quantified with different techniques. As an alternative to the most common method. flow cytometry, we have developed a useful ELISA method to simultaneously analyse 96 samples for platelet expression of P-selectin. Samples may be stored for at least 7 days at 4 degrees C prior to analysis. The method is simple, reproducible, flexible and requires only standard equipment. Washed platelets (WP) from healthy male volunteers, at a concentration of 1 x 10(7)/microtiter plate well, were stimulated with various known platelet activators and fixed with 0.1% formaldehyde for 10 min. The fixed WP were centrifuged to form a confluent layer in the wells and then incubated with optimal dilutions of primary antibodies (1/2000) directed against P-selectin, CD41, CD9 and secondary antibodies conjugated with alkaline phosphatase. Our results show that P-selectin expression on WP increases significantly upon stimulation with thrombin (0.1-1.0 U/ml), ADP (10 microM) and epinephrine (100 microM). The induction of P-selectin expression by thrombin is fast and has different kinetics depending on the concentration of the agonist. Prior incubation with the nitric oxide donor SNAP (10 microM) inhibits the up-regulation of P-selectin induced by sub-maximal concentrations of thrombin (p < 0.05). This ELISA is suitable for studying the expression and regulation of P-selectin and other surface molecules on human platelets in various pathological states.

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