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Science. 1997 Jan 31;275(5300):661-5.

Regulation of neuronal survival by the serine-threonine protein kinase Akt.

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  • 1Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Abstract

A signaling pathway was delineated by which insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) promotes the survival of cerebellar neurons. IGF-1 activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3-K) triggered the activation of two protein kinases, the serine-threonine kinase Akt and the p70 ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p70(S6K)). Experiments with pharmacological inhibitors, as well as expression of wild-type and dominant-inhibitory forms of Akt, demonstrated that Akt but not p70(S6K) mediates PI3-K-dependent survival. These findings suggest that in the developing nervous system, Akt is a critical mediator of growth factor-induced neuronal survival.

PMID:
9005851
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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