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Science. 1997 Jan 24;275(5299):523-7.

Regulation of NF-kappaB by cyclin-dependent kinases associated with the p300 coactivator.

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  • 1Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Michigan Medical Center, 4520 MSRB I, 1150 West Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.

Abstract

The nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) transcription factor is responsive to specific cytokines and stress and is often activated in association with cell damage and growth arrest in eukaryotes. NF-kappaB is a heterodimeric protein, typically composed of 50- and 65-kilodalton subunits of the Rel family, of which RelA(p65) stimulates transcription of diverse genes. Specific cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) were found to regulate transcriptional activation by NF-kappaB through interactions with the coactivator p300. The transcriptional activation domain of RelA(p65) interacted with an amino-terminal region of p300 distinct from a carboxyl-terminal region of p300 required for binding to the cyclin E-Cdk2 complex. The CDK inhibitor p21 or a dominant negative Cdk2, which inhibited p300-associated cyclin E-Cdk2 activity, stimulated kappaB-dependent gene expression, which was also enhanced by expression of p300 in the presence of p21. The interaction of NF-kappaB and CDKs through the p300 and CBP coactivators provides a mechanism for the coordination of transcriptional activation with cell cycle progression.

PMID:
8999795
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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