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Hokkaido Igaku Zasshi. 1996 Nov;71(6):757-69.

[The new laser Doppler velocimetry for the measurement of retinal circulation and its clinical application].

[Article in Japanese]

Author information

  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Asahikawa Medical College, Japan.

Abstract

We developed a new laser Doppler instrument to measure retinal blood flow. This instrument is equipped with an eye tracking system, which maintains the laser beam on the retinal vessel, thus enabling the measurement of patients with poor visual acuity and poor fixation. In diabetic patients even those without retinopathy, the retinal blood flow decreased compared to the control subjects. This was mainly the result of decreased retinal blood speed and no significant change in the arterial diameter. In diabetic patients requiring panretinal photocoagulation, we studied the regional changes in retinal blood flow following superior or inferior half fundus argon laser treatment, which produced a significant retinal blood flow decrease only in the treated area. We also studied the retinal circulatory changes in retinal branch vessel occlusion. In retinal branch view occlusion, the blood flow in arteries supplying the affected lesion showed 80-90% decrease compared to the arteries supplying the unaffected region. In retinal branch artery occlusion, the retinal blood flow in occluded arteries showed 40-50% decrease compared to the non-occluded arteries. In one patient with retinal branch vein occlusion in whom we measured the retinal blood flow over 18 months, the blood flow increased with the development of collateral vessels. The results showed that retinal circulatory abnormalities can be also evaluated quantitatively during the course of retinal vascular occlusive disease by our newly developed laser Doppler instrument, which proved that this instrument is a clinically very useful tool.

PMID:
8996843
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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