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J Biol Chem. 1997 Jan 10;272(2):1156-63.

cDNA cloning and chromosomal localization of the human telencephalin and its distinctive interaction with lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1.

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  • 1Department of Neuroscience, Osaka Bioscience Institute, Suita, Japan.

Abstract

We have isolated cDNA encoding human telencephalin (TLN), a brain segment-specific neuronal adhesion molecule. Human TLN comprises an NH2-terminal signal peptide, an extracellular region with nine Ig-like domains, a single transmembrane region, and a COOH-terminal cytoplasmic tail. The NH2-terminal five Ig-like domains of TLN were closely related to those of intercellular adhesion molecules (ICAMs)-1 and -3. The TLN gene was mapped to the human chromosome 19p13.2, where the ICAM-1, -3, and -4 (LW) genes are located. Furthermore, we observed lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1)-mediated adhesion of HL-60 cells on recombinant TLN protein, as well as on ICAM-1. However, the interaction of TLN with LFA-1 on HL-60 cells was divalent cation-independent and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate stimulation-independent. We conclude that TLN is a unique neuronal member of ICAM subgroup of the Ig superfamily and propose a novel type of interaction between the Ig superfamily molecule and integrin, which does not require the activation of integrin. TLN on the surface of telencephalic neurons may be a target molecule in the brain for LFA-1-expressing microglia and leukocytes in physiological or pathological conditions.

PMID:
8995416
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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