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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 1996 Nov;54(1-4):211-9.

Identification of potential CTL epitopes of bovine RSV using allele-specific peptide motifs from bovine MHC class I molecules.

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  • 1Institute for Animal Health, Compton, Newbury, UK.


Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of lower respiratory tract infection in young infants and housed calves. Depletion of CD8+ lymphocytes from calves inhibited their ability to clear the virus from the nasopharynx and lungs. To study these cells further, a cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) assay was established. CTL could be demonstrated in the peripheral blood of gnotobiotic calves 7-10 days post infection (p.i.) with RSV and in lungs 10 days p.i. This response was both MHC-restricted and virus-specific. Following separation of the lung lymphocytes by magnetic activated cell sorting, it was shown that the cytolytic activity was mediated by cells of the CD8+ phenotype. To identify epitopes recognised by bovine CTL, the consensus motifs from MHC class I alleles found in the herd at Compton were identified. cDNA libraries were constructed and screened for full length class I sequences. The isolated cDNA clones were then transfected into mouse P815 cells and the expressed product immunoprecipitated and matched with a serological specificity. The bovine MHC class I molecules were isolated from lysed transfected cells by affinity chromatography, using a monoclonal antibody specific for bovine MHC class I, and bound peptides were separated by reverse-phase HPLC. Analysis of the protein sequences of bovine RSV for the defined motifs has identified potential CTL epitopes.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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