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Acta Trop. 1996 Oct;62(2):91-103.

Extraction of Schistosoma haematobium antigens from infected human urine and generation of potential diagnostic monoclonal antibodies to urinary antigens.

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  • 1Parasitology Unit, Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, Accra, Ghana.


Proteins in Schistosoma haematobium infected human urine were concentrated by precipitation with saturated ammonium sulphate 50% (v/v) and various fractions obtained at different stages of precipitation tested for presence of schistosome antigens (ShAgs) by dot-ELISA. The protein fraction (UP2S) obtained following two-times precipitation was found to contain high concentrations of ShAg. Fraction UP2S was dialysed against phosphate-buffered saline (pH 7.4) and further purified by Sephadex G-200 column chromatography. Two protein peaks were eluted of which the first peak UP2S(pkI) was found to contain high concentrations of ShAgs as determined by microplate-ELISA. The second peak UP2S(pkII) consisted of human urine proteins. Further analysis of UP2S(pkI) revealed that ShAgs were mainly in the form of immune complexes with human IgG, IgM, IgA, IgE and complement C3. The ShAgs in both UP2S and UP2S(pkI) were found to be active as they induced immune responses in mice which produced antibodies reactive with S. haematobium worm as well as soluble egg antigens (SEA). Pure ShAgs were obtained from UP2S following dissociation of immune complexes with a carbonate buffer (pH 11.42) and further purification on Sephadex G-200. Immunizations with UP2S led to the generation of MoAbs which could bind both SEA and UP2S.

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