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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1996 Dec;175(6):1502-10.

Human immunodeficiency virus testing and counseling: nuts and bolts.

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  • 1Division of Infectious Diseases, University of California, Irvine, Medical Center, Orange 92668, USA.


The human immunodeficiency virus poses an increasing health hazard to women. Physicians must recognize this risk and evaluate their patients for human immunodeficiency virus. Because of general increased awareness and the recommendations that all prenatal patients be offered human immunodeficiency virus testing and counseling, more and more women will be tested, yet counseling has not become a routine aspect in the evaluation of patients. This article reviews the key components of human immunodeficiency virus testing and counseling, including test interpretation, risk assessment, risk reduction, and pretest and posttest counseling. Familiarity with these areas should enable the practitioner to feel comfortable in providing this service.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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