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IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 1996 Jun;43(6):607-18.

Deconvolved electrical impedance spectra track distinct cell morphology changes.

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  • 1Department of Radiation Medicine, Lombardi Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, D.C. 20007, USA. mcrae@gamma.rip.georgetown.edu


A two-component Cole-Cole model was used to obtain statistically significant fits to 100-Hz-10-MHz impedance data for EMT-6 mouse tumors during the progressive histological changes induced by hyperthermia. The resulting fitting parameters were used to deconvolute and reconstruct the two dispersions which confer the predominant impedance features to this tissue. The time-dependent changes of these two dispersions were correlated with the concurrent, heat-induced morphological changes of the tumors' cells. The higher frequency dispersion (fc approximately 1 MHz) was identified with a Maxwell-Wagner relaxation process linked to the overall volume response of the cells. The lower frequency dispersion (fc approximately 10 kHz) represented an alpha-relaxation associated with the surface morphology and integrity of the plasma membranes. Thus, two aspects of the characteristic cellular damage sequence in these tumors were found to be separately discernable and trackable in real-time using the impedance data.

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