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Exp Cell Res. 1996 Dec 15;229(2):388-97.

A chondroitin/dermatan sulfate form of CD44 is a receptor for collagen XIV (undulin).

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  • 1Klinikum Benjamin Franklin, Department of Gastroenterology, Free University of Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 30, Berlin, D-12200, Germany.

Abstract

Collagen XIV, a fibril-associated collagen with interrupted triple helices, is expressed in differentiated soft connective tissues and in cartilage. However, a cellular receptor for this protein has not been identified. Here we show that human placental collagen XIV, isolated by a mild and simple two-step method, serves as adhesive protein for a variety of mesenchymal and some epithelial cells. Cell adhesion could be inhibited by preincubation of the collagen XIV substrate with heparin or with the chondroitin/dermatan sulfate proteoglycan decorin and by pretreatment of cells with chondroitinase ABC or heparinase III, suggesting a cell membrane proteoglycan as receptor. Affinity chromatography of 125I-labeled fibroblast cell surface proteins on collagen XIV-Sepharose yielded a chondroitin/dermatan sulfate proteoglycan with a molecular mass of 97-105 kDa after chondroitinase ABC digestion and of 60-70 kDa after further treatment with N-glycosidase F. The eluates contained also some high-molecular-weight material that was susceptible to digestion with heparinase but no detectable integrins. Immunoprecipitation with a specific monoclonal antibody identified the prominent chondroitin/dermatan sulfate proteoglycan as a member of the CD44 family. The interaction between collagen XIV and cells appears to be finely tuned, since matrix-associated glycosaminoglycans, and particularly proteoglycans like decorin, could compete with cells for the binding site(s) on collagen XIV under physiological conditions.

PMID:
8986622
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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