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Am J Med Genet. 1996 Dec 18;66(3):273-5.

Distichiasis-lymphedema syndrome: tetralogy of Fallot, chylothorax, and neonatal death.

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  • 1Children's Hospital Oakland, CA 94609, USA.


We describe a newborn female with a severe presentation of distichiasis-lymphedema syndrome (McKusick 15340). She was initially evaluated because of a phenotype suggestive of Ullrich-Turner or Noonan syndrome (low posterior hairline, cupped ears, severe pterygium colli, heart murmur, and pectus excavatum). Distichiasis was noted at age 6 weeks. Subsequent to surgery for tetralogy of Fallot, patent ductus arteriosus, and branch pulmonic stenosis, she developed persistent chylothorax and sepsis. She died at 3 months. Family history indicated segregation of distichiasis-lymphedema syndrome. She was the sixth member in her family to have this disorder and was the most severely affected.

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