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J Virol. 1997 Jan;71(1):138-44.

Serine protein kinase activity associated with rotavirus phosphoprotein NSP5.

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  • 1Department of Medical Immunology and Microbiology, Uppsala University, Sweden.


The rotavirus nonstructural protein NSP5, a product of the smallest genomic RNA segment, is a phosphoprotein containing O-linked N-acetylglucosamine. We investigated the phosphorylation of NSP5 in monkey MA104 cells infected with simian rotavirus SA11. Immunoprecipitated NSP5 was analyzed with respect to phosphorylation and protein kinase activity. After metabolic labeling of NSP5 with 32Pi, only serine residues were phosphorylated. Separation of tryptic peptides revealed four to six strongly labeled products and several weakly labeled products. Phosphorylation at multiple sites was also shown by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE), where several isoforms of NSP5 with different pIs were identified. Analysis by PAGE of protein reacting with an NSP5-specific antiserum showed major forms at 26 to 28 and 35 kDa. Moreover, there were polypeptides migrating between 28 and 35 kDa. Treatment of the immunoprecipitated material with protein phosphatase 2A shifted the mobilities of the 28- to 35-kDa polypeptides to the 26-kDa position, suggesting that the slower electrophoretic mobility was caused by phosphorylation. Radioactive labeling showed that the 26-kDa form contained additional phosphate groups that were not removed by protein phosphatase 2A. The immunoprecipitated NSP5 possessed protein kinase activity. Incubation with [gamma-32P]ATP resulted in 32P labeling of 28- to 35-kDa NSP5. The distribution of 32P radioactivity between the components of the complex was similar to the phosphorylation in vivo. Assays of the protein kinase activity of a glutathione S-transferase-NSP5 fusion polypeptide expressed in Escherichia coli demonstrated autophosphorylation, suggesting that NSP5 was the active component in the material isolated from infected cells.

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