Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
J Urol. 1997 Jan;157(1):19-23.

Retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy for functioning adrenal tumors: comparison with conventional transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy.

Author information

  • 1Department of Urology, Niigata University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We attempted to confirm the possibility and feasibility of laparoscopic adrenalectomy via the retroperitoneal approach, and to compare results of the transperitoneal and retroperitoneal approaches.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Three men and 8 women (mean age 39.6 years) with functioning adrenocortical tumors (primary aldosteronism in 5 and Cushing's syndrome in 6) underwent laparoscopic adrenalectomy via the retroperitoneal approach using a balloon dissection technique and a newly developed ultrasonic aspirator. Results were compared to those of 27 cases of transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy.

RESULTS:

Although the retroperitoneal approach was successful in all 5 patients with primary aldosteronism, it succeeded in only 2 of the 6 cases of Cushing's syndrome. In 3 Cushing's syndrome cases the retroperitoneal approach was changed to the transperitoneal laparoscopic approach due to difficulty in exploration. Open laparotomy was required in 1 case of left Cushing's syndrome because of an inadvertent pancreatic injury. Subcutaneous emphysema developed in 6 patients without hypercapnia or prolonged postoperative symptoms. Mean operative time and blood loss, and time to oral intake and ambulation were 248.3 minutes, 151.4 ml., and 1.55 and 2 days, respectively. There was no difference between retroperitoneal and conventional transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy in regard to these factors or to convalescence.

CONCLUSIONS:

Retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy is feasible for primary aldosteronism. However, Cushing's syndrome is presently a much more difficult indication than primary aldosteronism for this new operative technique.

Comment in

PMID:
8976206
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk