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Mol Cell Biol. 1997 Jan;17(1):256-66.

The mammalian homolog of yeast Sec13p is enriched in the intermediate compartment and is essential for protein transport from the endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi apparatus.

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  • 1Membrane Biology Laboratory, National University of Singapore, Republic of Singapore.

Abstract

The role of COPII components in endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-Golgi transport, first identified in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, has yet to be fully characterized in higher eukaryotes. A human cDNA whose predicted amino acid sequence showed 70% similarity to the yeast Sec13p has previously been cloned. Antibodies raised against the human SEC13 protein (mSEC13) recognized a cellular protein of 35 kDa in both the soluble and membrane fractions. Like the yeast Sec13p, mSEC13 exist in the cytosol in both monomeric and higher-molecular-weight forms. Immunofluorescence microscopy localized mSEC13 to the characteristic spotty ER-Golgi intermediate compartment (ERGIC) in cells of all species examined, where it colocalized well with the KDEL receptor, an ERGIC marker, at 15 degrees C. Immunoelectron microscopy also localized mSEC13 to membrane structures close to the Golgi apparatus. mSEC13 is essential for ER-to-Golgi transport, since both the His6-tagged mSEC13 recombinant protein and the affinity-purified mSEC13 antibody inhibited the transport of restrictive temperature-arrested vesicular stomatitis virus G protein from the ER to the Golgi apparatus in a semi-intact cell assay. Moreover, cytosol immunodepleted of mSEC13 could no longer support ER-Golgi transport. Transport could be restored in a dose-dependent manner by a cytosol fraction enriched in the high-molecular-weight mSEC13 complex but not by a fraction enriched in either monomeric mSEC13 or recombinant mSEC13. As a putative component of the mammalian COPII complex, mSEC13 showed partially overlapping but mostly different properties in terms of localization, membrane recruitment, and dynamics compared to that of beta-COP, a component of the COPI complex.

PMID:
8972206
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC231750
Free PMC Article
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