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Cancer Res. 1996 Dec 15;56(24):5620-3.

A transforming growth factor beta type II receptor gene mutation common in sporadic cecum cancer with microsatellite instability.

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  • 1Second Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Japan.


Mismatch repair genes are the responsible genes for hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer, and mutation of these genes causes replication error (RER). In several RER-positive colon cancer cell lines, mutations of repetitive sequences of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) type II receptor (RII) gene have been reported. Since TGF-beta inhibits cell proliferation, loss of response to TGF-beta is an important tumor progression step. In this study, the relationship between RER status and mutation of the RII gene was analyzed in 112 cases of various types of sporadic gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary cancer (41 with gastric, 49 with colorectal, 5 with gallbladder, and 17 with hepatic cancers). RER was found in 17 cases (4 with gastric, 12 with colorectal, and 1 with gallbladder cancer), and 10 of those (3 with gastric and 7 with colorectal cancer) showed mutations of the RII gene. Of interest was that in all seven cases with colorectal cancer, tumors were located at the cecum. These data indicate that mutation of the RII gene, presumably caused by abnormality of repair gene, play an important role in carcinogenesis of sporadic gastrointestinal cancer, especially at the cecum.

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